I saw that AES has Cipher Mode and Padding Mode in it. When I searched i found that according to NIST Special Publication 800-38A, it specifies five confidentiality modes of operation for symmetric key cipher algorithm. So I'm totally confused whether can I use anyone of the five cipher modes or is there best one among the five as listed below:

AES mode support for FPGA (Xilinx, Altera, Microsemi AES modes In cryptographic terms, a "mode" is used to change the behaviour of the underlying block cipher (in this case AES), so that it has more useful properties. Modes are therefore a powerful way to enhance security, alter the behaviour of encryption in the face of data errors, or provide authentication instead of (or in addition to) encryption. The performance test on the AES modes - Highgo Software Inc. Aug 22, 2019

Aug 08, 2019

Advanced Encryption Standard: Understanding AES 256 Jul 29, 2019 MODES OF OPERATION OF THE AES ALGORITHM

ECB versus CBC Mode AES encryption The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), is a block cipher adopted as an encryption standard by the U.S. government for military and government use. ECB (Electronic Codebook) is essentially the first generation of the AES. It is the most basic form of block cipher encryption.

AES encryption AES (acronym of Advanced Encryption Standard) is a symmetric encryption algorithm. The algorithm was developed by two Belgian cryptographer Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. AES was designed to be efficient in both hardware and software, and supports a block length of 128 bits and key lengths of 128, 192, and 256 bits.